- Research the different types of wax used in making candles. Are certain waxes better than others, depending on the type of candle being made?
There are many different waxes used to make a candle. My research shows these different kinds:
Paraffin – has no additives, most commonly used and can be used for many different types of candles.
Soy – 100% natural and is mostly used for container jar candles
Palm – allows for creation of candles with unique textures. Used mostly for pillars, votives and tarts
Beeswax – 100% natural and can be used for any type of candle
Granulated wax – used for crafting, made from paraffin
Gel wax – made from mineral oil and polymer resin, not actually wax, but can be used for candles.
- Research the different ways to scent a candle. What are the pros and cons of each method?
Commercial making scent oils – liquid form, can be bought premixed
Fragrance Oils – 100% synthetic
Essential Oils – These are produced naturally from plants such as herbs and flowers. They have specific properties, which can be found by doing an online search or using a book on essential oils.
Natural Scents – This covers such things as crushed or powdered plants, spices and herbs, finely ground zest, etc. Some work really well with melted wax, such as ground cinnamon, crushed lavender flowers or finely ground lemon zest.
- Research the different ways to color a candle. What are the pros and cons of each method?
Color blocks – Dye chips or blocks are made from vegetable based wax with a pre-measured amount of dye, this allows them to be added directly into melted wax.
Liquid Dye – Liquid measured out to dye the candle.
Pigment Dyes – Typically used for larger batches of candles, dye flakes are a great way to achieve a strong depth of colour in your candles while maintaining fade resistance. As dye flakes are highly concentrated you only need a small amount to achieve the desired colour. Dye flakes are measured by weight as a percentage of the amount of wax.
- Gather the supplies needed to safely make candles.
- Make two different mold candles. Use a different wax, scent, or color for each candle. Let us know how each turns out!
- Gift a candle to a friend and be sure to let them know that it was handmade by you.
- Teach a friend how to make candles and help them to make at least one candle.
- Make a hand-dipped taper candle. Feel pioneer-esque.
- Take a close look at one brand of candle that is available for purchase in your area. Report to your chapter or the Farmgirl Connection on what type of wax, scent, and coloring is used in this candle. Include information on whether or not the use of this candle in the home can be toxic.